Title Common Creativity international. CC-licensing and other options for TEI-based digital editions in an international context

Encoded by   Vanessa Hannesschläger

Encoded by   Daniel Schopper


The Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International (CC BY 4.0) License applies to this text.


The digital space has not only boosted inter- and transdisciplinary, but also inter- and transnational scholarly work in the field of the humanities and beyond. The development of the TEI Guidelines, which provide a common standard for encoding texts across national and disciplinary borders, is one of the most influential reactions to the new form of scholarly work founded on the possibilities provided by the internet. Similarly, the need for a legal framework that allows international cooperation and collaboration has become urgent.

Creative Commons licenses were designed as a reaction to the emerging creative production online, which transcends national boundaries. Their aim is to ease sharing and reusing creative content across the borders of national copyright laws. This mission has been widely successful as CC-licenses are today the most frequently used licenses for digital content among international creatives as well as scholars working in the field of Digital Humanities.

However, when it comes to licensing, scholars are often uncertain about the right choice as CC are not the only option: For instance, ODC licenses are often applied to databases. For scholarly content, DiPP (Digital Peer Publishing with DPPL-licenses) has become popular especially in the German-speaking area. One of the reasons for the latter is that CC-licenses are specifically designed to match the World Intellectual Property Organization WIPO’s aims and have to be ported to become compatible with national copyright legislations, while DiPP was designed in Germany and corresponds to German copyright.

In this talk, the different options for licensing TEI-based scholarly projects will be explored. Currently available markup in TEI to encode responsibility as well as examples of projects using different licenses will be discussed. The main questions to be answered are: Why do we need free licenses? What license best fits my intentions and content? And why would I have to restrict reuse of my data?


  • Creative Commons
  • DiPP - Digital Peer Publishing
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  • Klimpel, Paul/Weitzmann, John H.: Forschen in der digitalen Welt. Juristische Handreichung für die Geisteswissenschaften DARIAH-DE Working papers , Göttingen, DARIAH-DE, 2015.
  • Open Data Commons: Legal Tools for Open Data.