Info

Title Wienerisches Diarium Digital: Unlocking a historic newspaper for interdisciplinary studies with the TEI Guidelines
responsible

Encoded by   Vanessa Hannesschläger

Encoded by   Daniel Schopper

License

The Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International (CC BY 4.0) License applies to this text.

Abstract

This poster presents the pilot study for a digital edition of the newspaper "Wienerisches Diarium" , carried out by the Austrian Centre for Digital Humanities in cooperation with the Institute for History of Art and Musicology of the Austrian Academy of Sciences.

The "Wienerisches Diarium" was a periodical published in Vienna from 1703 onwards, with its successor, the "Wiener Zeitung" , still appearing to this day. Founded with support of the Austrian emperor’s court and provided with the (intermittent) exclusive authorization to publish court reports and various official announcements, it is a unique source for both historians and linguists.

Based on facsimiles provided by the Austrian National Library’s digitization program ANNO, a workflow has been developed in order to edit the newspaper using the TEI Guidelines. Selected issues from different decades of the 18th century have been transcribed with Transkribus, a platform originally developed to support handwritten text recognition. Subsequently, the texts have been enriched with structural and semantic markup. Here, our focus lies in defining (preliminary) models, addressing questions like: How can the semantics of "news sections" be made accessible in a machine-readable manner? How are the various types of lists (births, deaths, arrivals of important persons) to be encoded, as they develop over the course of time?

The sample texts of this pilot study have been linguistically annotated with part-of-speech and lemma information using the TokenEditor, a web-based interface for collaborative annotation. As the tool was used before on texts from a similar historic period (namely for tagging the Austrian Baroque Corpus), it proved well trained for this task.

By describing the applied workflow, the poster will discuss period-specific challenges and limitations of these early modern textual resources and highlight potential benefits for various disciplines.

References

  • Resch, Claudia/Czeitschner, Ulrike: ABaC:us – Austrian Baroque Corpus , 2015. https://acdh.oeaw.ac.at/abacus/
  • ANNO – AustriaN Newspapers Online. http://anno.onb.ac.at/
  • Burger, Harald/Luginbühl, Martin: Mediensprache , Berlin / Boston, 2015, 39-45.
  • Reisner, Andrea/Schiemer, Alfred: Das Wien(n)erische Diarium und die Entstehung der periodischen Presse in: Österreichische Mediengeschichte 1 , Wiesbaden, 87-112, 2016.
  • Resch, Claudia/Czeitschner, Ulrike: Morphosyntaktische Annotation historischer deutscher Texte: Das Austrian Baroque Corpus in: Digitale Methoden der Korpusforschung in Österreich , Vienna, 2016.
  • Schröder, Thomas: Die ersten Zeitungen , Tübingen, 1995.
  • Seitschek, Stefan: Religiöse Praxis am Wiener Hof: Das Beispiel der medialen Berichterstattung in: Frühneuzeitforschung in der Habsburgermonarchie , Vienna, 71-102, 2013.